Green Claims Advertising
By Jere M. Webb
It is evident that virtually every business now is trying to position itself as being "green". For a discussion of restrictions on "green advertising", particularly the FTC's green ad guidelines (the "Green Guides"), and similar efforts at the state level, see "Green Claims Advertising – What You Can Say and What You Can't
". The FTC is reviewing the Green Guides and likely will amend them in the near future. For comments submitted in the review process and additional information, see [here
The newer arena is green trademarks. The United States Patent and Trademark Office is now routinely rejecting, based on descriptiveness, multiword trademarks, that start with or contain the word GREEN. An example is the mark GREEN JOURNEY for hybrid cars. But in the same application, the applicant sought to register for clothing, and the Trademark Office accepted the mark, but with a disclaimer of the word GREEN. It found that the two word mark was merely "suggestive" of clothing, not "descriptive". See "Green" Trademarks Face Hostile Climate in USPTO.
For an example of a green mark that passed muster, the Trademark Trial and Appeal Board (TTAB) recently reversed an examining attorney's descriptiveness refusal for the mark GREEN INDIGO for clothing, finding it to be an "incongruous" term for clothing and therefore merely suggestive and not descriptive. The case is In re Jones Investment, Inc. (TTAB Jan. 21, 2009.)
The lesson is: If you want to include the word "GREEN" in a trademark, some careful review and advice from a trademark lawyer is in order.
Want to read more? See "Eco-Friendly Claims Go Unchecked" (USA Today June 22, 2009). The FTC's brochure "Sorting Out Green Advertising Claims" can be found here: http://www.ftc.gov/bcp/edu/pubs/consumer/general/gen02.pdf